On October 3, 2008 an interim final rule was published in the Federal Register stating that small businesses owned and controlled by socially and economically disadvantaged individuals may self-certify its status as a Small Disadvantaged Business (SDB). There is a presumption that individuals belonging to the following groups are socially disadvantaged: Black Americans; Hispanic Americans; Native Americans; Asian Pacific Americans; and Subcontinent Asian Americans. Others that feel they have been subjected to racial or ethnic prejudice or cultural bias within American society because of their identities as members of groups, and without regard to their individual qualities, may also qualify.
The self-certification is done by completing the Reps & Certs section within the SAM website www.sam.gov, or by completing a questionnaire sent by a prime contractor. The business’s SAM registration and Small Business Profile (aka Dynamic Small Business Search) registration should also reflect the small disadvantaged business status.